Let us talk about the Sarak-e-Azam or grand highway which was constructed in the Mughal’s era. Later on British ruler gave it the name of Grand Trunk Road (GT Road). Today it is known as the same name which was given by the British. It is the road which connects the North of Subcontinent with East and West. It starts from the Dhaka (Bangladesh) and ends at the Kabul (Afghanistan). It was constructed to link the 3 capitals of Mughal Empire, Delhi, Agra and Lahore. It is the oldest major road of this region.
Baber the first Mughal King got the credit to build it in the year 1520. It was built on those ways which were followed by many legends and warriors of the history like Changaiz Khan and Alexander the great. After 26 kilometers 2000 Stonecutters were used in its construction. The GT Road contains many small and big bridges on its way. Six horses clinic were also made on the sides of this road.
Regular intervals and forts could also find on its way. The lion of Afghanistan Sher Shah Suri also tried to capture this road from the Mughals. It was a great Highway which was used for the Telegraphs and trains. Many authors gave a high level of importance to this Grand Trunk of GT Road in their books and articles. Everyone uses this road as their mean of transportation. The Mughal King constructed many new cities on the sides of this road. It was the only big road which we have got after the separation from India.
The Capital city of Pakistan was built on the GT Road as well. It was then transformed into a latest highway of four lanes this road connects it with the Lahore the Ex Capital of Mughals. There are many parts of GT Road which are unchanged yet. Taxila is the living example of it where you can observe the old road without any change. Few towers and minarets were made on the GT Road to indicate the distance and intervals. Few of them are still there and tells the glory of the Mughal Empire.