Peshawar (پشاور) is the capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (formerly known as the North-West Frontier Province) and the administrative centre and economic hub for the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. Peshawar is situated in a large valley near the eastern end of the Khyber Pass, close to the Pak-Afghan border. Known as “City on the Frontier”, Peshawar’s strategic location on the crossroads of Central Asia and South Asia has made it one of the most culturally vibrant and lively cities in the greater region. Peshawar is irrigated by various canals of the Kabul River and by its right tributary, the Bara River.
Peshawar has now evolved into one of Pakistan’s most ethnically and linguistically diverse cities. In the last three decades, there has been a significant increase in urban population, in part due to internal migration of people in search of better employment opportunities, education, and services. Peshawar is the major educational, political and business center of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (خیبرپختونخواہ).
The Khyber Pass Peshawar (خیبرپاس پشاور) is a mountain pass connecting Afghanistan and Pakistan, cutting through the north-eastern part of the Spin Ghar Mountains. An integral part of the ancient Silk Road, it is one of the oldest known passes in the world. Throughout history it has been an important trade route between Central Asia and South Asia and a strategic military location. The summit of the pass is 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) inside Pakistan at Landi Kotal (لنڈی کوتل).
Bala Hisar Fort
Bala Hisar Peshawar (قلع بالا حصار پشاور) is a heavily-guarded fort that is located now centrally (in Old Peshawar it would have been in the north-western corner). It was built in the 16th century and has seen a long history through Mughal Emperors, the Sikhs and the British and has been destroyed and rebuilt again at least once. It is used today by Frontier Corps or “Fauji” as the locals call them.
All you need to do is look at Bala Hisar from afar to appreciate its beauty. Visually you can tell it has been around for centuries, and provides a majestic view over Peshawar and surrounding valley.
Qissa Khawani Bazaar
Qissa Khawani Bazaar Peshawar is a place which travelers must visit because of its historical background. Qissa Khawani (قصہ خوانی) means the Bazaar of Story Tellers. in the ancient times, there used to be professional story tellers, caravan arriving from different central Asian states staying and enjoying cup of green tea while listening to the stories of the story tellers.
Things to do in Qisa Khwani Bazaar
1. Visiting the Bazaar
2. Drinking green tea in tea shops
3. Visiting old lnns
4. Brass items
5. Clay pots
6. Historical Buildings
The Peshawar Museum was founded in 1907 in memory of Queen Victoria. The two-story building features an amalgamation of British, South Asian, Hindu, Buddhist and Mughal Islamic architectural styles. Originally, there was only one main hall. Two halls were added in 1969-70. In 2004-05, an additional block was completed with two galleries, two halls for the reserve collection, and offices for the provincial directorate of archaeology, a conservation laboratory and a cafeteria. The original building was renovated during that time.
The current collection has almost 14,000 items based on Gandhara, Greco-Buddhist, Kushan, Parthian, and lndo-Scythian life. Examples include art, sculptures, coins, manuscripts, statues, and ancient books, early versions of the Holy Quran, weapons, dresses, jewellery, Kalash effigies, inscriptions, paintings of the Mughal and later periods, household materials and pottery, as well as local and Persian handicrafts.
The Jamrud Fort is located at the entrance to the Khyber Pass in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. In October 1836, Jamrud was conquered from the Khyberis by the Sikhs. Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa (1791-1837), the well-known Sikh general, proposed to build a big fort at Jamrud (جمرود). The proposal was opposed; nevertheless the foundation of the fort that has survived was laid by General Hari Singh Nalwa on 6 Poh 1893 Sambat (18 December 1836) and the construction was completed in 54 days.”Jamrud noted for its fort built with 10 feet (3 m) thick walls c.1836 by the Sikh Hari Singh Nalwa, one of Ranjit Singh’s generals, was originally named Fatehgarh (فتح گڑھ) to commemorate the Sikh victory over the disunited tribes.”