Like the Pharwala and Sagni the Rawat fort is not so far from the Islamabad and Rawalpindi. This plateau is called the Pothohar region. On the GT Road (Grand Trunk Road) from Rawalpindi to Lahore you can find it just 18 kilometers away. It is another short distance fort from the Capital of Pakistan. The word Rawat is derived from an Arabic word which means “Seria” or a resting place.
The Lion of the Afghanistan Sher Shah Suri fought a huge battle here in the 15th century. Gakhars were the constructer of this structure but in some books we find that Sultan Masood was its construction. Sultan Masood was the son of Sultan Mehmood Ghaznavi. This was a major battle between the Afghans and Gakhars (the local community of the Pothohar plateau). Sultan Sarang Khan was the leader of the Gakhar community and he died during this battle. There are few numerous graves inside of the Rawat Fort. Sultan Sarang Khan is supposed to be buried in one of them along his 16 sons. His 16 sons also died in the same battle.
The surrounding area of this fort is very beautiful. It offers you the natural view of Pothohar plateau. This view is visible from the top of the roof though. There are few old stairs which could take you onto the roof. Be careful because the condition of these stairs is not very good. Mankiala Stupa is also visible from its roof.
It is a square shaped fort which contains two entry gates. One gate is situated on its East while the other one on the North. Brunt bricks and sandstones were used in its construction. Domes were the focusing points of this structure. There were many small and big rooms in the Rawat Fort. There is a Mosque as well which is known as the Royal Mosque (Shahi Masjid).
the archaeology department needs to do something special for its betterment. Its condition is becoming worse with the passage of time. Original construction is disappearing day by day and it requires some special attention of the Government. Government should take some initiative to reserve this national heritage for our next generations.