Multan is Pakistan’s fifth largest city by population. The city is located on the banks of the Chenab River (دریاۓ چناب) in the geographic center of the country. Multan is known as the City of Sufis (صوفی) or City of Saints and Madinat-ul-Auliya (مدینتلہ اولیا) because of the large number of shrines and Sufi saints from the city. The city is blanketed with bazaars, mosques, shrines and ornate tombs. It is the birthplace of Farid-ud-din Ganj Shakar (فرید گنج شکر) (“Baba Farid”), recognized as the first major poet of the Punjabi language.
Multan (ملتان) is located in a bend created by five rivers of central Pakistan. The Sutlej River (دریاۓ ستلج) separates it from Bahawalpur (بہاول پور) and the Chenab River from Muzaffar Garh (مظفر گڑھ). The city has grown to become an influential political and economical center for the country, with a dry port and excellent transport links. Multan is famous for its crops: wheat, cotton, sugar cane, mangoes, citrus, guavas and pomegranates.
Majority of people in the district speak Punjabi dialects, including Saraiki, Multani, Majhi, Haryanvi and Riasti. Other languages include Urdu – mother tongue of few people but being national language is spoken and understood by the sizable population – and English.
Shah Shams Tabrez شاہ شمس تبریز (Mausoleum):
Shah Shams-ud-Din mausoleum is located at Baba Safra Road and half a mile away to the east of the Fort site near Aam-Khas Garden, Multan Pakistan. He belonged to Imam Jaffer Sadiq family and also known as Shah Shams Sabzwari or Shah Shams Tabrez. He was born in 1165 and died in 1276. His tomb was built in 1330 by his grandson. Shah Shams-ud-Din tomb was 39 feet higher and constructed with ornamental glazed tiles.
Address: Located half a mile away to the east of the Fort site near Aam-Khas Garden, Multan Pakistan.
Shah Shams Park (شاہ شمس پارک):
Shah Shams Park is located at Eid Gah Road near Tomb of Shah Shams, Multan Pakistan. It is a beautiful park created in the memory of famous Sufi saint Shah Shams Tabrez. The Park has a lot of attractions, fountains, green courts and much more. It also has a playing area with different types of rides at the bank of a small lake.
Address: Located on Eid Gah Road near Tomb of Shah Shams, Multan Pakistan.
Haram Gate (حرم گیٹ):
Haram Gate is located on Akbar Road. This gate is called as Haram Gate because many people say it has a Haram of the Saint Musa Pak Shaheed. There are total six gates in Multan Pakistan and four in fort of Multan, Haram Gate is also one of the oldest gates present in proper form.
Address: Located on Akbar Road near Masjid Haﬁz, Luqman Wali, Haram Gate Multan Pakistan.
Jinnah Park (جناح پارک):
Jinnah Park is located on New Multan Road, Multan Pakistan. It’s a beautiful park. Jinnah Park also provides a number of attractions, rides and food courts. Many people daily visit the park with their families to enjoy and relax.
Address: Located on New Multan Road in Shah Rukn-e-Alam Colony Block E, Multan Pakistan.
Ghanta Ghar (Clock Tower house- گھنٹہ گھر):
Ghanta Ghar (Clock Tower) is a beautiful building which was constructed by British rulers before 1947. The beautiful landmark is situated at Municipal Corporation Multan’s Office which is one of the busiest areas in the Multan business district. Ghanta Ghar (Clock Tower) is recently reconstructed in its original form and shape.
Address: Located in Center of City on Tughlaq Road near Bata Shoe Store, Multan Pakistan.
Dehli Gate (رہلی گیٹ):
This Gate is named “Dehli Gate” because its face is towards Dehli-India and the road leads towards Dehli. It was created in Mughal Period for king and their state guest whenever they come to Multan they pass through this gate. Now Dehli Gate has a market and stalls.
Address: Located on Hafiz Jamal Road near Tomb of Shah Dana, Multan Pakistan.
Shah Rukn-e-Alam شاہ رکن عالم (Mausoleum):
Shah Rukn-e-Alam mausoleum is the glory of Multan city. The building is 51 feet 9 inches in diameter intemally. There wall are about 41 feet higher and 13 feet thick. He was a grandson of famous Sufi saint Shaikh Baha-Ud-Din Zakariya. Tomb of Shah Rukn-e-Alam was constructed between 1320 and 1324, more than 100,000 people visit Shah Rukn-e-Alam tomb from all over Asia and commemorate his memory.
Address: Located on Southwest Side of the Fort Premise, Multan Pakistan.
Pak Gate (پاک گیٹ):
Pak Gate is located on Sarafa Bazar Road near Agha Khan Health Center, Multan Pakistan. It is named after famous saint Hazrat Musa Pak Shaheed. First he was buried in Uch Shareef near his father in 1010H, but after some time his son saw his grandfather in a dream saying to get Musa out from his foot side. He was buried again in other place but after 15 years his son saw another dream to bring Musa Pak Shaheed back to Multan. Now there Mazar (Shrine) is still situated in Multan 300 feet inside Pak Gate, his follower daily visit Mazar (Shrine) for Fatiha.
Address: Located on Sarafa Bazar Road near Agha Khan Health Center, Multan Pakistan.
Shahi Eid Gah Mosque, Multan (شاہی عید گاہ مسجد):
It’s a grand mosque in Multan built in 1735 AD by the governor of Multan Nawab Abdul Samad Khan. It gives huge space for prayer it’s almost 250 feet by 54. The floors are created with glazes blue titles with great architectural designs. Many people daily perform their Salat (Namaz) 5 times a day.
Address: Located on Main Multan-Lahore Highway in the Northeast of the Multan Pakistan.
Baha-ud-din Zakariya بہاودین زکریا (Mausoleum):
Baha-ud-din Zakariya was a famous Sufi. He was born around 1170 at Kot Kehror, in Layyah District near Multan. He was a grandfather of Shah Rukn-e-Alam; his full name was Al-Sheikh Al-Kabir Sheikh-ul-lslam Baha-ud-Din Abu Muhammad Zakaria Al-Qureshi Al-Asadi Al Hashmi. He is also known as Ghaus Baha-ul-Haq, he settled in Multan around 1222 and died in 1267. Baha-ud-din Zakariya mausoleum is 51ft 9inch higher internally. Many people come to this historical place daily for Fatiha.
Address: Located on Qila Kohna Qasim Bagh Road near Hajj Complex, Multan Pakistan.
Multan Arts Council, Multan:
Multan Arts Council was founded in 1975 under the statutory provisions of the Punjab Council of Arts. Multan Arts Council is famous for musical shows, arts exhibitions or as a regional centre of Multan city. Multan Arts Council is also playing an important role for encouraging students towards arts and culture of Multan.
Address: Located on MDA Road near National Book Foundation, Multan Pakistan.
Multan Fort (Bab-ul-Qasim):
It was built in the 17th century it divided city, there is no fort now as it was destroyed by British. Multan Fort was created by Murad Baksh son of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. This fort now looks as a part of Multan City it separated by a road which looks more like bazaar.
Address: Located in Center of City near to Multan Cricket Club next to Shah Rukn-e-AIam’s Mazar, Multan Pakistan.
Mausoleum in Multan
- Mausoleum of Hazrat Baha-ud-Din Zakariya
- Mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam
- Mausoleum of Shah Shams Sabzwari
- Mausoleum of Shah Gardez
- Mausoleum of Syed Musa Pak Shaheed
- Mausoleum of Mai Maharban (Near Chowk Fawara Multan)
- Mausoleum of Bibi Pak Daman (Near Basti Daira)
- Mausoleum of Hazrat Haﬁz Muhammad Jamal Multani (Near Aam Khas Bagh)
- Mausoleum of Hazrat Sher Shah Syed (Multan-Mazzalfargarh Road)
- Mausoleum of Hazrat Hamid Saeed Kazmi
- Mausoleum of Hazrat Hamid Ali Khan
- Mausoleum of Hazrat Chadar Wali Sarkar
- Mausoleum of Hazrat Baba Baga Sher
- Shrine of Shahadna Shahaid (Near Delhi Gate – a disciple of Bahaul Haq)
- Totla Mai (Near Haram Gate)
- Mausoleum of Hazrat Baba Piran Ghaib (Near Samijabad No. 1)
- Mausoleum of Shah Ali Akbar Suraj Miani
- Mausoleum of Mother of Shah Ali Akbar Suraj Miani
- Baba Safra (Near Eid Gah)
- Mausoleum of Hazrat Sultan Peer Katal Jalalapur, Pirwala, Multan
- Mausoleum of Hazrat Sheikh Ismail Mouza Umerpur, Jalalpur Piwala, Multan
- Mausoleum of Baba cyclon waley Baba Safra (Near Eid Gah)
- Mausoleum of Pir Sain Raksha Shareef
- Nuagaza tombs
- Dargah Khawaja Ghullam Rabbani
Historical Gates in Multan
- Delhi Gate Multan
- Daulat Gate
- Pak Gate
- Haram Gate
- Bohar Gate
- Lohari Gate Multan
Temples in Multan
- Parhaland Temple in Fort Kohna Multan
- Sun Temple Multan
- Suraj Kund Temple in Suraj Kund area of Multan
- Jain Mandir in Bohar Gate
- Multan Fort or Qilla Kohna, originally called Katoch Garh